Gallery 1: Canada's First National Internment Operations, 1914-1920






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1. Ukrainian pioneer settlers en route to Edna-Star, Alberta, from Quebec City, 1897 (National Archives of Canada)



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2. Corporal Filip Konowal, a recipient of the Victoria Cross for his valour during the Battle of Hill 70, near Lens, France, August 1917, the honourary patron of Branch #360 of The Royal Canadian Legion


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3.  "In the enclosure," Ukrainian internees at Castle Mountain, Banff National Park, Alberta (GWH Millican Collection, Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Alberta)


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4.  Women and children internees at Spirit Lake, Quebec (National Archives of Canada, PA 170620)


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5. "Road building," construction of motor road from Banff to Lake Louise, Alberta, circa 1915 (GWH Millican Collection, Glenbow Museum, NA-1870-77))



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6. Internees at the Fernie-Morrissey camp, British Columbia (Photo courtesy of Fernie and District Historical Society)


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7. "Fire alarm," at Cave and Basin internment camp, Banff National Park, Alberta (Gushul Collection, Glenbow Archives, Calgary, NC-54-4336)


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8. Internees marching across Spirit Lake, Quebec (Photo courtesy of Y Luhovy/Spirit Lake Camp Committee)



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9. Internees under guard, Kapuskasing, Ontario (Photo courtesy of the Kapuskasing Historical Society)