canada's first national internment operations of 1914 - 1920

The commemorative notice that appeared in the June 20, 2020 Globe and Mail newspaper.

EDUCATIONAL DOCUMENTS

Centenary of the End of Canada's First World War Internment Operations, UCC Saskatchewan Visnyk, Summer 2020

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A forgotten piece of Canadian History, by Peter Manastyrsky, Winnipeg Sun, 20 June 2020

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The Hon. Andrew Scheer, Leader of Canada’s Conservatives and of the Official Opposition, issues statement to mark 100 years since the end of Canada’s first national internment operations during the First World War, June 20, 2020

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James Bezan, MP, issues statement to mark 100 years since the end of Canada’s first national internment operations during the First World War, June 20, 2020

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Yvan Baker, MP, Remembering the 100th Anniversary of the End of Canada's First National Internment Operations, June 20, 2020

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Yvan Baker, MP, Remembering the 100th Anniversary of the End of Canada's First National Internment Operations, June 20, 2020

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Canada marks a most unsettling centenary, by Lubomyr Luciuk, Winnipeg Free Press, June 19, 2020

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Marking the centenary of Canada’s first national internment operations, by Marco Levytsky, The Ukrainian Weekly, June 19, 2020

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The story of Nick Sakaliuk, by Lubomyr Luciuk, The Ukrainian Weekly, June 12, 2020

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Internment Centenary commemorated, New Pathway - Ukrainian News, June 11, 2020

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Internment centenary provides lessons for today, by Marco Levytsky, New Pathway - Ukrainian News, June 8, 2020

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End of Mara internment camp to be commemorated, Salmon Arm Observer, June 7, 2020

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CONFINED, Reflections on Internment in Canada during the First World War, Canadian Centre for the Great War

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Online exhibit focuses on internment of Ukrainians during World War I, The Ukrainian Weekly, May 29, 2020

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A war prisoner’s story, by Benjamin Weistra, The Lethbridge Herald, March 24, 2020

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Vernon part of end of internment camp ceremonies, Vernon Morning Star, February 24, 2020

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Enemy Alien A True Story of Life behind Barbed Wire, a book by Kassandra Luciuk and Nicole Marie Burton, February 12, 2020

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This graphic history tells the story of Canada’s first national internment operations through the eyes of John Boychuk, an internee held in Kapuskasing from 1914 to 1917. The story is based on Boychuk’s actual memoir, which is the only comprehensive internee testimony in existence.

The novel follows Boychuk from his arrest in Toronto to Kapuskasing, where he spends just over three years. It details the everyday struggle of the internees in the camp, including forced labour and exploitation, abuse from guards, malnutrition, and homesickness. It also documents moments of internee agency and resistance, such as work slowdowns and stoppages, hunger strikes, escape attempts, and riots.

Little is known about the lives of the incarcerated once the paper trail stops, but Enemy Alien subsequently traces Boychuk’s parole, his search for work, his attempts to organize a union, and his ultimate settlement in Winnipeg. Boychuk’s reflections emphasize the much broader context in which internment takes place. This was not an isolated incident, but rather part and parcel of Canadian nation building and the directives of Canada’s settler colonial project.

  • Paperback / softback, 96 pages

  • ISBN 9781771134729

  • Coming March 2020

It happened, son of interned Ukrainian says, St. Albert Today, January 10, 2020

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That Never Happened, Now on DVD, Armistice Films, December 6, 2019

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THAT NEVER HAPPENED: Canada's First National Internment Operations

The film reveals the story of Canada's first national internment operations between 1914-1920 when over 88,000 people were forced to register, and more than 8,500 were wrongfully imprisoned in internment camps across Canada, because of the country they came from. In 1954, the public records were destroyed, and in the 1980's a few brave men and women began working to reclaim this chapter in history and ensure future generations would know about it. 

THAT NEVER HAPPENED was released theatrically across Canada last year, and was the Official Selection of the Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations in September 2018. The film screened for the Human Rights Council in Geneva, as part of celebrations marking the 70th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 

The troubling story of internment in Canada, St. Albert Today, November 29, 2019

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"That Never Happened" on CBC Documentary Chanel, November 20, 2019

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Film looks at Canadian Internment Camps, Yorkton This Week, November 16, 2019

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Ukrainian immigrants among those impacted between between 1914 - 1920

Internment monument unveiled in St. Paul, New Pathway/Ukrainian News, October 8, 2019

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Sculpture, ceremony preserve the memory of Ukrainian Canadian internment, Jeff Gaye, Respect News, October 8, 2019

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Looking through the wire, Opinion, Jeff Gaye, Respect News, October 8, 2019

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A history of Canada's first national internment operations, Respect News, October 8, 2019

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Internment monument unveiled in St. Paul, Alberta, The Ukrainian Weekly, October 4, 2019

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21 Strands represents Ukranian-Canadian history, St. Paul Journal, October 2nd, 2019

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New monument honours unlawfully imprisoned immigrants, St. Paul Journal, September 24, 2019

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"Enemy Aliens: Internment in Canada 1914-1920" Fort Henry National Historic Site, St. Lawrence Parks Commission final project report, 2019

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During the First World War, Fort Henry was used as an internment camp. Currently Fort Henry houses a travelling exhibit on permanent load titled "Enemy Aliens: Internment in Canada 1914 - 1920", which was developed by the Canadian War Museum in partnership with the Ukrainian Canadian Civil Liberties Foundation.

Amherst museum gets exhibit about First World War internment camps, The Chronicle Herald, July 21, 2019

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Local artist of Ukrainian descent tells story of Canada’s immigrant internment camps, by Angela Brown, The Battlefords NOW, July 5, 2019

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